Depresión materna perinatal y vínculo madre-bebé: consideraciones clínicas

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Marcia Paola Olhaberry Huber Macarena Romero Jiménez Ángela Miranda Largo

Resumen

La alta frecuencia de los trastornos depresivos en el mundo y las altas tasas reportadas durante el pre y postparto, alertan sobre la necesidad de profundizar en la comprensión de la depresión materna perinatal y sus repercusiones psicológicas en la madre y el niño/a. Se describen y analizan sus características, los factores protectores y de riesgo, los principales efectos en el vínculo madre-bebé, el desarrollo infantil y la identidad materna a partir de una revisión de la literatura existente. Se reflexiona también sobre las implicancias clínicas de este trastorno, las alternativas de tratamiento y los desafíos actuales para su abordaje psicoterapéutico integral, considerando los distintos aspectos de la matriz relacional de la díada madre-hijo/a en interacción.

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Palabras clave
depresión materna perinatal, vínculo temprano madre-bebé, identidad materna
Sección
Artículos originales
Biografía del autor/a

Marcia Paola Olhaberry Huber, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile

Psicóloga Clínica U. de Chile, Doctor en Psicoterapia Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile, Académico Escuela de Psicología Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile

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